BI-122. Nutrition in Health and Disease. 3 Credits.

Introduction to basic concepts and controversies of nutrition as related to health and disease. An analysis of nutrients, food choices, and human health.

BI-123. Concepts of Biology. 3 Credits.

The major concepts which unify the attempt of scientist to achieve an ever increasing understanding of life. The comprehension of these concepts enables a solid foundation in the scientific method, chemistry of life, metabolism, genetics, evolution and diversity of life.

BI-124. Human Structure and Function. 3 Credits.

The morphology and physiology of the human body. The structure and role of all systems. Interaction of systems with each other and with the environment.

BI-126. The Human Environment. 3 Credits.

Relationships between humans and their environment. Sources of energy and food. Pollution, conservation of natural resources, and population problems.

BI-129. Biological Issues: Decisions and Ethics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to biological issues that are controversial and require informed decisions and ethical choices. Topics considered in the course include reproductive issues, informed consent, right to care and treatment, biological experimentation, privacy, public health, genetics, and the environment.

BI-130. Natural History of New Jersey. 3 Credits.

An overview of the animals and plants of New Jersey as well as physical features such as geology and climate. Emphasis on the diversity of NJ wildlife and habitats, with discussion of issues such as conservation of natural resources, forest and wildlife management, and pollution. Will be taught through field trips.

BI-140. Introductory Astrobiology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to astronomy and the search for life beyond Earth. Topics include the definition and origin of life, the search for habitable planets, and human exploration of our solar system and beyond.

BI-161. Basic Microbiology. 4 Credits.

The biology of bacteria and viruses: their morphology, physiology, and ecology. The role of microorganisms in disease and the principles of immunology. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BI-161L.

BI-171. Anatomy and Physiology I. 4 Credits.

Emphasis on the structure and function of the major systems of the human body and its variations from the normal. The cellular, embryological, and genetic basis of structure and function are also considered. Includes laboratory. Not open to majors in biology and natural sciences. Prerequisites: BI-171L.

BI-172. Anatomy and Physiology II. 4 Credits.

Emphasis on the structure and function of the major systems of the human body and its variations from the normal. The cellular, embryological, and genetic basis of structure and function are also considered. Includes laboratory. Not open to majors in biology or natural sciences.

BI-183. General Biology I. 3 Credits.

Biological principles including scientific method, biological chemistry concepts, characteristics of life, cells and reactions, Mendelian and Molecular Genetics. Prerequisites: BI-185.

BI-184. General Biology II. 3 Credits.

Biological principles including origin of life, evolution, population genetics, diversity of life, comparative plant and animal biology, ecology.

BI-185. General Biology I Lab. 1 Credit.

Laboratory course to accompany Bi183. Prerequisites: BI-183.

BI-186. General Biology II Lab. 1 Credit.

Laboratory course to accompany Bi184. Prerequisites: BI-184.

BI-215. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. 4 Credits.

Studies of the structure and function of organ systems with emphasis on homeostatic regulatory mechanisms. Include laboratory.

BI-237. Forensic Science. 3 Credits.

The basic concepts and practices of biology and chemistry as applied to criminal investigation, examining and preserving forensic evidence, conducting crime-scene investigations, and science in the courts. Laboratory experience. Not open to Biology majors. Prerequisites: BI-184.

BI-240. Cell and Molecular Biology. 4 Credits.

Living systems at the cellular, subcellular, and molecular levels, Emphasis on molecular control of cellular activity, intermediate metabolism, and energy transformation. Includes laboratory.

BI-271. Concepts of Public Health. 3 Credits.

Introduction to Public Health Issues - public health laws, policy cycle, demographics, and epidemiological concepts and applications.

BI-295. Co-Op. 1 Credit.

BI-310. Ecology. 4 Credits.

The usual definition of ecology - the relationship between organisms and their environment - is expanded to include the biological as well as the physical conditions under which an organism, population, or species lives to show that relationships involve the interactions between the biotic world and the physical world as well as between members of the same species and between different species. Includes laboratory.

BI-313. Human Evolution Ecology and Adaptation. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary course focuses on evolutionary adaptations of the human species to nature and ways it has adapted nature to serve its needs. These adaptations and their consequences for changes in human ways of life are central to this course. Prerequisites: BI-184 OR SO-121.

BI-325. Advanced Topics in Anatomy and Physiology. 3 Credits.

Continuation of BI-215, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. Selected topics in anatomy and physiology with special reference to current clinical issues. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-326. Advanced Topics in Anatomy and Physiology Lab. 1 Credit.

Laboratory course to accompany BI-325, Adv.Topics in Anatomy and Physiology. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-340. Pathophysiology. 3 Credits.

Biological processes which affect the human body's dynamic equilibrium, or homeostasis, associated with potential or actual disease conditions. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-350. Genetics. 4 Credits.

Theories of heredity and variation. Pre- Mendelian, Mendelian, cytogenetics, and population genetics. Application of theories in laboratory. Includes laboratory.

BI-361. Criminalistics and Forensic Science. 3 Credits.

The theory and application of the principles of forensic science. Lab includes an analysis of the techniques and procedures in forensic science. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-370. General Virology. 3 Credits.

Study of the physical, chemical and biological properties of viruses. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-393. Civilization and Disease. 3 Credits.

A survey of the impact of disease on the course of human history. Prerequisites: BI-184.

BI-394. Epidemiology. 3 Credits.

Applications of epidemiologic methods and procedures to the study of the distribution and determinants of health and diseases in populations. Infections versus chronic diseases, data sources, study design and measures of morbidity and mortality will be studied. Prerequisites: MA-132 BI-184.

BI-415. Hematology. 3 Credits.

The study diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the blood. The course will cover areas such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, enlarged lymph nodes or spleen, bleeding and clotting disorders. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-416. Fundamentals of Neuroscience. 4 Credits.

The study of cell structure and organization of the vertebrate central nervous system, mechanisms of neural signaling, the physiological and anatomical bases of behavior emphasizing mammalian sensory, motor, regulatory, and motivational mechanisms involved in the control of behavior and higher mental processes.

BI-435. Development. 3 Credits.

Developmental phenomena are approached first by analysis of the molecular and cellular basis of these processes, which are common to the eukaryotes, and secondly by descriptions of selected examples of development, including fungi, protozoa, algae, higher plants, and invertebrates. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-450. Microbiology. 4 Credits.

Microorganisms, with emphasis on the morphology, physiology, and ecological roles of bacteria and viruses. Principles of immunology. Includes laboratory.

BI-452. Evolution. 3 Credits.

Consideration of organic evolution including the origin of cells, adaptive radiation, natural selection, population genetics, and human evolution. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-454. Endocrinology. 3 Credits.

Hormones as agents of homeostasis and growth. Hormonal regulation of reproduction. Investigative methods in endocrinology. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-458. Parasitology. 3 Credits.

Biology, epidemiology, pathology, and diagnosis of animal and human parasites. Physiology of host-parasite interplay. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-460. Histology. 3 Credits.

Cell types and tissues of vertebrates on the microscopic and submicroscopic levels disposition of tissues in the various organs. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-462. Botany. 3 Credits.

Structure, functions, development, and ecological relationships of higher plants. Evolutionary and phylogenetic survey of the plant kingdom (including fungi). Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-464. Immunology. 3 Credits.

The study of the basic concepts of cellular and humoral products of the immune system. Genetics of immunoglobulin production, antigen - antibody reactions, immunopathological mechanisms of hypersensitivity, auto immunity, transplantation and immunodeficiency. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-469. Human Nutrition. 3 Credits.

The study of nutritional principles and the application of these principles to daily health maintenance as well as conditions which require special diet management. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-473. Vertebrate Zoology. 3 Credits.

A survey of the vertebrates with an emphasis on classification, structure, function, and evolution. Laboratory included. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-475. Medical Botany. 3 Credits.

Medicinal uses of plants in historic and modern times. Investigation of mode of action of selective plant-derived conventional medicine and what is known about the scientific basis of some popular folk remedies. Prerequisites: BI-215.

BI-485. Current Issues in Biology. 3 Credits.

Current topics in the biological sciences. Lectures, discussions and critical analysis of journal articles and other readings related to the course. Capstone for Biology majors. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-486. Current Issues in Health Education. 3 Credits.

To study relevant current health issues such as obesity, unhealthy dietary problems, apnea, tobacco use, alcohol, drugs, heart disease and cancer.

BI-488. Astrobiology. 3 Credits.

The biological perspective on the origin of life, its evolution, the search for habitable planets, exploration of our solar system and beyond, and the future of life on Earth and elsewhere. Prerequisites: BI-184.

BI-497. Research I. 2 Credits.

Introduction to biological research. Topics will include: experimental research techniques, bibliographic searching, the review and publishing process, presentation of papers at scientific meetings and writing grants. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-498. Research II. 2 Credits.

An original independent lab research project for upper-level students, under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisites: BI-240.

BI-499. Special Projects in Biology. 3 Credits.

Work in various fields of biology not covered by regular courses. Offered when sufficient student interest is demonstrated in an area coinciding with faculty specialization. (1 to 3 credits).