University Communications

Citing Publications


  • Capitalize chapters when used with a numeral in reference to a section of a book or legal code (e.g., You can find this information in Chapter 9 of the book.).
  • Always use Arabic figures (e.g., Chapter 1, Chapter 20).
  • Lowercase the word when it stands alone (e.g., Do you know what chapter we have to read tonight?).
  • Place chapter names in quotation marks (e.g., You will find the information in Chapter 9, “Let’s Make a Cake.”).


  • Do not use periods in captions that are not full sentences.
  • Do not use a middle initial if it is included in a person’s full name in the associated story.

Citing magazines and books in text

When referencing the title of a book, magazine, play, newspaper, film, etc.:

  • Capitalize the principal words, including prepositions and conjunctions of four or more letters (e.g., Learn More About the Basic Principles of Mathematics).
  • Titles of major works—for example, books, movies, plays, TV shows, journals, newspapers and magazines are italicized. Titles of shorter works, including short stories, lectures, articles, presentations, speeches, essays, individual episodes of TV shows, songs, poems and works of art are set in quotations.  It is also acceptable that they be italicized instead of using quotation marks.